The early history of the Stonehenge rocks date back to the Neolithic age around 2500 BC. Two different stones were used, the sarsen stone and the bluestone. The sarsens were erected in two concentric arrangements – an inner horseshoe and an outer circle – and the bluestones were set up between them in a double arc. Built in different stages and phases, the prehistoric society arranged the rocks as a site for burial rituals.
A day visit by train from either Cardiff or London is possible to pay a visit to these ancient rocks. Salisbury is the closest town and the proper train stop to the Stonehenge site. From there, take the lime-green double-decker bus operated by Salisbury Reds (www.thestonehengetour.info) that awaits daytrippers outside the train station. Opt in for the ticket package that includes a drive through the provincial English village of Salisbury and impressionistic sights through the pastoral countryside of Old Sarum. The preliminary hop on/hop off bus tour lasts 30 minutes and includes a ticket for direct access to the Stonehenge site.
The town of Salisbury, England
In addition to the architectural monument, the site features replicas of five Neolithic stone huts. Each of these huts contain a single room and represent housing that the builders may have occupied. Measuring only five meters in diameter, the huts closely resemble the remains of Neolithic houses discovered during excavations in 2006 and 2007 a mile from the site.
Replicas of Neolithic huts